Phonics is a way of teaching children how to read and write. It helps children hear, identify and use different sounds that distinguish one word from another in the English language.

Written language can be compared to a code, so knowing the sounds of individual letters and how those letters sound when they’re combined will help children decode words as they read. Understanding phonics will also help children know which letters to use when they are writing words. Phonics involves matching the sounds of spoken English with individual letters or groups of letters. For example, the sound k can be spelled as c, k, ck or ch. Teaching children to blend the sounds of letters together helps them decode unfamiliar or unknown words by sounding them out. For example, when a child is taught the sounds for the letters t, p, a and s, they can start to build up the words: “tap”, “taps”, “pat”, “pats” and “sat”.


The Curriculum 

Phonics is taught as a daily 30 minute lesson in Reception, Year One and Year Two. Pupils who need additional support with their phonics in Key Stage Two also attend a daily phonics session. Pupils are placed into a 'phonics group' based on the phase of phonics they are currently on. We follow the Little Wandle Letters and Sounds Scheme of Learning for Phonics.

Click below to see our progression framework:

Progression Framework


The Sounds 

Your child will learn the different sounds we have in the English Language. Please watch the videos on the site below to support your child with the correct pronunciation. To access the full site, please go to